The Peruvian capital of Lima is located on the central Pacific coast of Peru, on the desert strip where most of the country’s population lives. Almost nine million people, nearly a third of all Peruvians, live in the rapidly expanding capital and it is the economic and financial heart of the nation.
Lima was founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, although the site had been occupied by successive cultures since pre-Inca times.
Situated on Peru’s Pacific coast, Lima lies at the center of the long desert coast that stretches from Chile to Ecuador. Summers are hot and humid, while in wintertime skies tend to be overcast and the relatively mild temperatures can feel much lower because of the high humidity.
Because they pass through Jorge Chavez International Airport, most travelers spend some time in Lima at the beginning or end of their trip to Peru. The city offers a number of attractions. The historic center around the main square, or Plaza de Armas, offers fascinating architecture, while the residential and commercial districts of Miraflores and San Isidro offer excellent accommodation, shopping, entertainment and dining options, particularly the seafood for which Peruvian cuisine is famous throughout the world.