Peru: One of the world’s megadiverse countries

With its matchless biological diversity, Peru is one of the world’s best nature travel destinations.

On both land and sea, Peru’s national territory boasts an extraordinary diversity of life forms. It is megadiverse in both geographical terms and in terms of the number of species that live within its borders. In fact, Peru has the greatest climate range and diversity of life zones found anywhere in the world. It possesses 11 eco-regions, 15 bio-geographic provinces and a total of 84 of the 117 life zones identified across the entire planet.

And when it comes to fauna and flora, Peru is one of the five most biologically diverse countries in the world. It is home to an estimated 1816 species of birds, 3532 species of butterflies and 4000 types of orchids, and it is one of the leading countries in the world in terms of plant use by the population. Throughout Peru, around 4000 plant species are used as part of the dietary and traditional medicine practices of the nation.

Since the establishment of Peru’s first National Park in 1961, the Peruvian state has created more than two hundred protected natural areas, covering a total area of approximately 127,000 square kilometers, or 4.3% of Peru’s surface area.

Across Peru, in its seas, along its coastal desert, in the Andean highlands, and within the subtropical and tropical forests of the country’s Amazon basin, these protected natural areas include 14 national parks, 15 national reserves, 9 national sanctuaries and 11 reserved zones.

The function of these state-protected natural areas is to ensure the continued conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of wild flora and fauna resources within the national borders of Peru, on both land and sea.

At Andean Adventures Peru, we offer travelers from all over the world the opportunity to visit the extraordinarily biologically diverse Tambopata National Reserve, which can be accessed via a short scheduled flight from Cusco, South America’s most popular travel destination. 

If you’d like to experience the destinations and activities mentioned in this article, contact us and we’ll help you create your Peru vacation!

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